Underwater lighting in professional outdoor landscape lighting is intended for water features only. The water should be exceptionally clear and clean for best results. There are fixtures available that allow for underwater area lighting and other fixtures that are used for spotlighting a fountain or waterfall.
Highlighting is a technique for creating a focal point with more dramatic light. Before you create focal points, you have to decide which elements of the selected objects need to be emphasized and from where they will be viewed. These decisions are too subjective to be made without consultation between both your contractor and the home owner. Up and Accent lights, with special mounting hardware, and Specialty lights can achieve this effect.
Safety lighting is a primary function of professional outdoor landscape lighting. By providing light to a once-dark, possibly hazardous area, Safety Lighting is a key element in lighting design. This is true not only for exterior lighting but indoor lighting as well. The end result of a professional lighting design should be the elimination of all obstacles given adequate illumination. All fixtures can contribute to this effect.
Grazing is another form of Wall Washing, but through fixture placement the light source is placed very close to the wall and is aimed directly up to just graze the surface. In this way, textures, shapes and form are accentuated to create visual interest. Up and Accent, In-Ground Well and some Specialty lights can achieve this effect.
Mirror lighting is the result of reflecting an illuminated object off a dark smooth surface of water. Best results are achieved when there is no disturbance in the water. Objects illuminated behind the water source are then shown as a reflection in the water. Up and Accent, I-Ground, Well and some Specialty lights can achieve this effect.
Shadows are always present throughout lighting systems. Shadows can be both positive and negative: positive from the standpoint that shadows are interesting, create visual interest and can create a bit of mystery; negative in that they can create an obstacle to clear viewing. Up and Accent, In-Ground, Well and some specialty lights can be used for this technique.
Wall washing, as its name states, is a technique utilized in accenting architectural surfaces. It can create visual interest and possibly provide area lighting through reflection. Up and Accent, In-Ground, Well and some Specialty lights can achieve this effect.
Back lighting is another natural lighting technique that is utilized often in professional landscape lighting systems. Back Lighting is typically a softer form of lighting that creates depth and visual interest in the landscape. Notice as the sun sets to the west, that threes on a ridge line are silhouetted against the illuminated horizon. Up and Accent, In-Ground, and Well lights can be used for this technique.
Silhouette lighting is a form of Back Lighting. The light source is placed directly behind an object, and a wall or fence is illuminated to create an outline or silhouette of the object to create visual interest. Up and Accent, In-Ground, and Well lights can be used for this technique.
Path lighting is a common attractive way to light pathways, gardens and seasonal plant materials to create an even flow of light throughout the landscape. It is best to place fixtures back away from driveways and walkways so that they are close enough to adequately light that area, but yet not so close that they become a hazard. If at all possible do not place path lights in turf areas.
Down lighting is one of the most natural forms of lighting. Most of our light in everyday life is Down lighting; sun, moon, stars and interior or exterior lighting. By placing fixtures in trees and on structures, we can simulate natural down lighting and in many cases create visually pleasing effects by casting shadows on driveways, walkways, and lawn areas. Up and Accent lights with special hardware and hanging lights can achieve this effect.
Cross lighting is a technique that brings a more even level of light to the subject to allow optimum viewing from multiple angles. Cross lighting can be achieved through both Up Lighting and Down Lighting. This technique will allow you to better illuminate larger trees with large canopies. Up and Accent, In-Ground, and Well lights can be used for this technique.
Up lighting is a very dramatic lighting technique. It is contrary to what we see in everyday life. Up lighting is a common technique used to accent key focal points on the landscape and create shadows on walls. It can also be used in many other secondary techniques. Up and Accent, In-Ground and Well lights can be used for this technique.